Endocrinology deals with hormones. Hormones are chemicals that control the function of cells or organs. In the human body, hormones are produced by the endocrine glands and transported through the bloodstream to their target cells. Hormones control many functions such as growth, metabolism and reproduction.
Endocrinology deals with these hormone-related disorders, including diabetes, thyroid disease, adrenal disease, and disorders of sexual development (DSD) such as Klinefelter syndrome.
What is a hormone?
A hormone refers to a chemical messenger that the body regulates. Hormones are released by endocrine glands, which are found throughout your body. This includes the brain, pancreas, and pituitary gland. Hormones travel through the bloodstream and tell target organs what to do. For example, they can control blood pressure or metabolism. The main endocrine organs are:
- pituitary gland
- adrenal cortex
- adrenal medulla
- thyroid gland
- Endocrinologists manage thyroid cancer and diabetes
What is the role of an endocrinologist?
endocrinologist thyroid specialist Specializes in Endocrine System. The endocrine system is made up of glands that release hormones and chemicals that control certain functions in the body. Hormones control metabolism, growth and development, reproduction and other vital body processes. Some examples of hormones include the thyroid hormone insulin, growth hormone, melatonin, and sex hormones such as estrogen or testosterone.
Hormones are produced by specific organs, such as the pituitary gland at the base of your brain, which releases thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). When TSH levels become higher than normal, you have hyperthyroidism — too much thyroid hormone. Conversely, low levels indicate hypothyroidism—insufficient production.
Endocrinologists can manage the condition with diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2, which affect millions of people worldwide. This is due to genetic predisposition or lifestyle factors such as obesity or lack of exercise, which can lead to type 2 diabetes, which can lead to blindness if not treated in time.
Treats metabolic disorders
Endocrinology also deals with metabolic disorders such as osteoporosis or metabolic syndrome, where excessive food intake leads to excess weight around the waist and insufficient physical activity leads to high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure, etcetera.
In addition to its use to treat hormonal disorders, endocrinology has been very successful in the field of fertility treatment. Some patients need to restore their fertility by restoring their hormonal balance. For example, some men may have reduced fertility because they produce too little testosterone. These men can restore their fertility without negative side effects through carefully regulated hormone replacement therapy.
The pituitary gland and adrenal glands are also of concern.
Endocrinologists can also manage pituitary, adrenal, and thyroid cancers. For example, they treat patients with pituitary gland disorders, such as pituitary tumors or prolactinomas. This tumor of the pituitary gland produces a large amount of prolactin. They also treat primary hyperparathyroidism, which is an increased production of parathyroid hormone by one or more parathyroid glands, and hypothyroidism. The latter is meant to reduce the secretion of triiodothyronine and thyroxine by the thyroid gland.
Some endocrinologists specialize in medical subspecialties such as diabetes and obesity or metabolic syndrome.
Endocrinologists are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions that affect the hormones in your body. That means they can help you manage symptoms like fatigue, depression, weight gain, decreased sex drive, and more.
Finally, endocrinology focuses on the human endocrine system, which is the system for secreting hormones into the bloodstream. While many people mistakenly believe that hormones are only responsible for reproductive functions, they are essential for almost every process in our bodies.